Louisiana Scorecard

Grading Scale:
A – 85-100%, B – 70-84.9%, C – 55-69.9%, D – 40-54.9%, F – 0-39.9%


Grading Categories & Criteria


Louisiana Law

I. Laws
§1212. Pharmacy technicians
The board may register individuals as pharmacy technician candidates and certify individuals as pharmacy technicians, both of whom may assist a pharmacist in the practice of pharmacy, as specified in board rules. Notwithstanding any provision in law to the contrary, in all cases, a pharmacist must verify the accuracy of a prescription before the drug or device may be transferred to a patient or patient’s agent. The board may also set minimum training and education requirements and examinations for certification as a pharmacy technician as it deems necessary. The board may, by rule, establish ratios for pharmacy technician candidates to pharmacists and pharmacy technicians to pharmacists, but in no case shall such ratio be less than two pharmacy technicians to one pharmacist.
(Amended by Act 131 of 2004 Louisiana Legislature, effective August 15, 2004; Act 387 of 2005 Louisiana Legislature, effective August 15, 2005)

II. Regulations
Chapter 9. Pharmacy Technicians

§901. Definitions
A. As used in this Chapter, the following terms shall have the meaning ascribed to them in this Section:
ACPE – Accreditation Council for Pharmacy Education.

Pharmacist Preceptor – an individual who is currently licensed as a pharmacist by the board, meets certain qualifications as established by the board, and is responsible for the instructional training of pharmacy technician candidates.

CPE – continuing pharmaceutical education, as part of a postgraduate educational program to enhance professional competence.

CPE unit – a standard of measurement adopted by the ACPE for the purpose of accreditation of CPE programs. One CPE unit is equivalent to 10 credit hours.

Pharmacy Technician – an individual, certified by the board, who assists in the practice of pharmacy under the direct and immediate supervision of a Louisiana-licensed pharmacist.

Pharmacy Technician Candidate – an individual not yet certified as a pharmacy technician by the board who is:

(a) an individual who possesses a valid registration, is satisfactorily progressing in a board-approved structured program, and is working under the supervision of a pharmacist preceptor for the purpose of obtaining practical experience for certification as a pharmacy technician by the board; or

(b) an individual who possesses a valid registration, has successfully completed a board-approved structured program, and is awaiting examination.Structured Program – systematic instruction in pharmacy related functions in a board-approved pharmacy technician training program.

AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:1212.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Pharmacy, LR 30:2485
(November 2004).

§903. Pharmacy Technician Candidates
A. Registration
1. Qualifications
a. All pharmacy technician candidates shall register with the board; failure to do so may result in disciplinary action by the board.

b. The candidate shall be at least 18 years of age, as evidenced by a valid and legible copy of a birth certificate or other appropriate credential.

c. The candidate shall be of good moral character and non-impaired.

d. The candidate shall be a graduate from a high school approved by a state department of education, or shall possess an equivalent degree of education, as evidenced by a valid and legible copy of a diploma, transcript, or other appropriate credential.

e. Exceptions:
(1) A pharmacist or pharmacist intern whose board credential has been denied, suspended, revoked, or restricted for disciplinary reasons by any board of pharmacy shall not be a pharmacy technician candidate or pharmacy technician.

(2) A pharmacist or pharmacist intern whose board credential is lapsed shall not be a pharmacy technician candidate or pharmacy technician until such lapsed credential is recalled through non-disciplinary board action.

2. Issuance and Maintenance 90 June 2006
a. Upon receipt of a properly completed application, appropriate fee, proof of enrollment in a board-approved structured program, and any other documentation required by the board, the board may issue a Pharmacy Technician Candidate Registration to the applicant.

b. The board reserves the right to refuse to issue, recall, or discipline a registration for cause.

c. The registration shall expire 18 months after the date of issuance, and it shall not be renewable.

d. A pharmacy technician candidate shall notify the board, in writing, no later than 10 days following a change of mailing address. The written notice shall include the candidate’s name, registration number, and old and new addresses.

e. A pharmacy technician candidate shall notify the board, in writing, no later than 10 days following a change in either training program site or location(s) of employment. The written notice shall include the candidate’s name, registration number, and name, address, and permit numbers for old and new training program sites or employers.

B. Structured Program
1. All structured programs shall meet competency standards as established by the board.

2. The curriculum of the structured program shall be composed of the elements contained in the Pharmacy Technician Training Program Minimum Competencies, as approved by the board.

3. The structured program shall notify the board when a pharmacy technician candidate is no longer satisfactorily progressing in the program.

4. The structured program shall provide an appropriate credential to the candidate who has successfully completed the program.

C. Practical Experience

1. The candidate shall possess a registration prior to earning any practical experience in a pharmacy.

2. The candidate’s registration shall be conspicuously displayed in the prescription department.

3. The candidate shall wear appropriate attire and be properly identified as to name and candidate status while on duty in the prescription department.

4. A candidate shall not work in a permitted site that is on probation with the board, or with a pharmacist who is on probation with the board.

5. The candidate’s registration shall evidence his authority to earn a minimum of 600 hours of practical experience in a pharmacy, under the supervision of a pharmacist preceptor, in satisfaction of the requirements for pharmacy technician certification. Of the required minimum 600 hours, not less than 200 hours shall be earned during and as part of a structured program.

6. A candidate may receive board credit for a maximum of 50 hours per week.

7. Hours of practical experience earned by a candidate shall expire one year after the expiration date of the registration.

D. Examination

1. A board-approved technician examination shall consist of integrated pharmacy subject matter and any other disciplines the board may deem appropriate in order to permit the candidate to demonstrate his competency. The candidate shall achieve a passing score, as determined by the board.

2. Re-examination

a. Following the first or second unsuccessful attempt of an examination, the candidate may be permitted to retake that examination.

b. Following the third unsuccessful attempt of an examination, the candidate shall wait one year after the date of the last examination to retake that examination. If the candidate fails to wait the prescribed one year period, the board may delay any future certification until that one year period has elapsed.

AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:1212.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Pharmacy, LR 14:708
(October 1988), repromulgated LR 19:1025 (August 1993), amended LR 23:1307 (October 1997), LR 30:2485
(November 2004).
91 June 2006

§905. Pharmacy Technician Certificate
A. Qualifications

1. An applicant for a pharmacy technician certificate shall be at least 18 years of age, as evidenced by a valid and legible copy of a birth certificate or other appropriate credential.

2. An applicant shall be of good moral character and non-impaired.

3. An applicant shall demonstrate the following educational competencies:

a. shall be a graduate from a high school approved by a state department of education, or shall possess an equivalent degree of education, as evidenced by a valid and legible copy of a diploma, transcript, or other appropriate credential; and

b. shall have successfully completed a board-approved structured program for pharmacy technician education and training, as evidenced by a valid and legible copy of the appropriate credential from that program.

4. An applicant shall demonstrate evidence of at least 600 hours of practical experience under the supervision of a pharmacist preceptor, using a form supplied by the board.

5. An applicant shall demonstrate successful completion of a board-approved technician examination, as evidenced by a valid and legible copy of the appropriate credential.

B. Issuance and Maintenance
1. Upon receipt of a properly completed and notarized application, properly executed preceptor affidavit(s), copies of valid and legible credentials, and the appropriate fee, and following verification that all requirements have been satisfied, the board may issue a pharmacy technician certificate to the applicant for the current renewal period.

2. The board reserves the right to refuse to issue, recall, or discipline a certificate for cause.

3. The annual renewal shall expire and become null and void on June 30 of each year.

a. The board shall mail, no later than May 1 of each year, an application for renewal to all pharmacy technicians to the address of record.

b. The completed application, along with the appropriate fee, shall be submitted to the board by June 30 of each year.

c. A pharmacy technician shall not assist in the practice of pharmacy in Louisiana with an expired renewal.

d. An application for an expired pharmacy technician renewal, along with the appropriate fee, shall be submitted to the board’s Reinstatement Committee for consideration.

4. A pharmacy technician shall notify the board, in writing, no later than 10 days following a change of mailing address. The written notice shall include the technician’s name, certificate number, and old and new addresses.

5. A pharmacy technician shall notify the board, in writing, no later than 10 days following a change in location(s) of employment. The written notice shall include the technician’s name, certificate number, and name, address, and permit numbers for old and new employers.

6. Upon written request of any certified pharmacy technician in active military service of the
United States or any of its allies, the board may waive the requirement for the annual renewal of the certificate, including fees.

AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:1212.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Pharmacy, LR 14:708
(October 1988), repromulgated LR 19:1025 (August 1993), LR 30:2486 (November 2004).

§907. Scope of Practice
A. Pharmacy technician candidates and pharmacy technicians may assist the pharmacist by performing those duties and functions assigned by the pharmacist while under his direct and immediate supervision.

1. The ratio of candidates to pharmacists on duty shall not exceed one to one at any given time.

2. The ratio of technicians to pharmacists on duty shall not exceed two to one at any given time. However, the ratio of technicians to pharmacists on duty may be increased to three to one if no technician candidates are on duty at the same time.
B. Pharmacy technician candidates shall not:

1. receive verbal initial prescription orders;

2. give or receive verbal transfers of prescription orders; 92 June 2006

3. interpret prescription orders (however, a technician candidate may translate prescription orders);

4. compound high-risk sterile preparations, as defined by the United States Pharmacopeia (USP), or its successor.

5. counsel patients.

C. Pharmacy technicians shall not:

1. release a verbal prescription order for processing until it is reduced to written form and initialed by the receiving technician and supervising pharmacist;

2. interpret prescription orders (however, a technician may translate prescription orders);

3. compound high-risk sterile preparations, as defined by the United States Pharmacopeia (USP), or its successor;

4. counsel patients.

AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:1212.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Pharmacy, LR 30:2486
(November 2004), amended LR 32:1049 (June 2006).

§909. Continuing Education
A. A minimum of one ACPE or board-approved CPE unit, or 10 credit hours, shall be required each year as a prerequisite for annual renewal of a pharmacy technician certificate. Such CPE units shall be credited in the 12-month period prior to the expiration date of the certificate.

B. Certified pharmacy technicians shall maintain copies of their individual records of personal CPE activities at their primary practice site for at least 2 years, and shall present them when requested by the board.

C. If judged appropriate by the board, some or all of the required number of hours may be mandated on specific subjects. When so deemed, the board shall notify all certified pharmacy technicians prior to the beginning of the renewal year in which the CPE is required.

D. Complete compliance with CPE rules is a prerequisite for renewal of a pharmacy technician certificate.
1. Non-compliance with the CPE requirements shall be considered a violation of R.S. 37:1241(A)(2) and shall constitute a basis for the board to refuse annual renewal.

2. The failure to maintain an individual record of personal CPE activities, or falsifying CPE documents, shall be considered a violation of R.S. 37:1241(A)(22).

3. The inability to comply with CPE requirements shall be substantiated by a written explanation, supported with extraordinary circumstances, and submitted to the board for consideration.

AUTHORITY NOTE: Promulgated in accordance with R.S. 37:1212.
HISTORICAL NOTE: Promulgated by the Department of Health and Hospitals, Board of Pharmacy, LR 14:708
(October 1988), amended LR 17:779 (August 1991), repromulgated LR 19:1025 (August 1993), amended LR
23:1308 (October 1997), LR 30:2487 (November 2004).

III. Application
EXAMINATION THROUGH PHARMACY TECHNICIAN CERTIFICATION BOARD (PTCB):
• The Louisiana Board of Pharmacy does not test candidates for certification.

• Candidates are required to pass the examination administered by the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB), a private company located in Washington, D.C.

• PTCB is not affiliated with the Louisiana Board of Pharmacy.

• PTCB’s exam is only offered three times a year, with strict application deadlines.

References
Louisiana Revised statutes Title 37 chapter 14
http://www.pharmacy.la.gov/assets/docs/Laws/Title37Total20100815.pdf

Louisiana Pharmacy Technician Rules
http://www.pharmacy.la.gov/assets/docs/Candidates/2005NewChapter09PharmacyTechnicians.pdf

Pharmacy Technician Candidate Application
http://www.pharmacy.la.gov/assets/docs/Forms/30AppPTCRegistration20110704F.pdf

The data contained in this 2012 Annual Scorecard are accurate as of December 2012 .  Because statutes and regulations are continually revised, the data are subject to change.  These data have been verified with the state board of pharmacy.  This scorecard is updated on an annual basis in order to incorporate statutory and regulatory changes.  A new scorecard will be issued in July 2013.

Scoring rationale for Education and Training:
In order to protect the public and help ensure patient safety, it is important that pharmacy technicians are properly educated and trained.  The most rigorous training is accredited training.  The sole entity empowered to accredit pharmacy-technician training programs is the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP).  Please note that this is “programmatic accreditation” – not “institutional accreditation.”  It is the content of the training program – as measured against established standards – that is being evaluated and accredited.  Accredited training is vital to protecting patient safety because it means that a pharmacy-technician training program has met established quality standards to provide assurance and confidence to the public.  For more information, please see http://www.ashp.org/menu/Accreditation/TechnicianAccreditation.aspx.

Scoring rationale for Certification:
Certification is the process by which a nongovernmental agency or association grants recognition to an individual who has met certain predetermined qualifications specified by that agency or association.  This is often determined by an examination process.  Numerous organizations have recommended that the certification exam conducted by the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB) should be recognized as the sole, nationally-accredited certification exam for pharmacy technician certification – including the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy (NABP), the Texas State Board of Pharmacy (TSBP), and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA). In a recent report, NABP recommended that states be encouraged to “recognize certification by the Pharmacy Technician Certification Board (PTCB).” Moreover, NABP performed a psychometric audit of the PTCB’s pharmacy technician certification examination (PTCE) in 2001 and determined that the PTCE is psychometrically sound, defensible, and valid. In May 2010, the TSBP awarded the PTCB with the Pharmacy Technician Certification Provider contract in Texas. PTCB was selected for the contract after a rigorous bidding and evaluation process that included formal reviews and evaluations from three independent psychometricians. TSBP confidently recognizes PTCB as the single provider of certification examinations for pharmacy technicians. In addition, in June 2010, the VA began requiring PTCB certification for VA pharmacy technicians employed at grade GS-6 and above.

Scoring rationale for Registration/Licensure:
Registration/licensure is the process by which the state maintains a list of all pharmacy technicians in the state and grants permission for an individual to work as a pharmacy technician in the state based on the applicant’s completion of all pre-requisites to registration/licensure – such as required training and certification.

Scoring rationale for Continuing Education:
Continuing education enables pharmacy technicians to fulfill their professional responsibility to maintain competence and up-to-date knowledge and skills in an environment of technological advances and increasingly complex, new medications and therapies.


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